Glossary

Glossary

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Biopsy
The surgical removal of tissue or a tumor sample for testing to determine the type and stage of cancerCancer
A term for a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues.
.

Cancer
A term for a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues.

Chemotherapy
The treatment of cancerCancer
A term for a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues.
by drugs designed to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.

Folic acid
Folic acidFolic Acid
Folic acid is one of the B vitamins. It is used by the body to help make new cells.">folic acid
is one of the B vitamins. It is used by the body to help make new cells.

Intravenous (IV)
Within or through a vein.
ChemotherapyChemotherapy
The treatment of cancer by drugs designed to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.
is often given intravenously.

Lymph
The clear fluid that travels through the
lymphatic systemLymphatic System
The tissues and organs that produce, store, and carry white blood cells that fight infections and other diseases. This system includes the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels (a network of thin tubes that carry lymph and white blood cells into all the tissues of the body)
and carries cells that help fight infections and other diseases. Also called lymphatic fluid.

Lymphatic system
The tissues and organs that produce, store, and carry white blood cellsWhite Blood Cells
Cells that help the body fight against infections and other diseases.
that fight infections and other diseases. This system includes the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, lymphLymph
The clear fluid that travels through the lymphatic system and carries cells that help fight infections and other diseases. Also called lymphatic fluid.
nodes, and lymphatic vessels (a network of thin tubes that carry lymph and white blood cells into all the tissues of the body).

Lymphoma
CancerCancer
A term for a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues.
that begins in the lymphatic systemLymphatic System
The tissues and organs that produce, store, and carry white blood cells that fight infections and other diseases. This system includes the bone marrow, spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and lymphatic vessels (a network of thin tubes that carry lymph and white blood cells into all the tissues of the body).
. There are two basic categories of lymphomaLymphoma
Cancer that begins in the lymphatic system. There are two basic categories of lymphoma: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL); NHL includes a large, diverse group of cancers.
: Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL); NHL includes a large, diverse group of cancers.

Mucositis
Redness, swelling, pain and/or the development of sores in the mucous membranes of the body. This includes the tissue lining the mouth or throat and can include the genital area as well.
MucositisMucositis
Redness, swelling, pain and/or the development of sores in the mucous membranes of the body. This includes the tissue lining the mouth or throat and can include the genital area as well. Mucositis is sometimes a side effect of chemotherapy or radiation.
is sometimes a side effect of chemotherapyChemotherapy
The treatment of cancer by drugs designed to kill cancer cells or stop them from growing.
or radiation.

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
One of a group of fast-growing non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas that begins in the
T cellsT Cells
A group of white blood cells that are of key importance in fighting infection.
. Also called mature T-cell lymphoma.

Platelets
Cells necessary to help form a clot and stop a wound from bleeding.

Red blood cells
Cells that carry oxygen throughout the body.

Refractory
A term used to describe
cancerCancer
A term for a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues.
that does not respond to treatment. The cancer may be resistant at the beginning of treatment or it may become resistant during treatment.

Relapse
The tumor cells start growing again after a period of improvement.

T cells
A group of
white blood cellsWhite Blood Cells
Cells that help the body fight against infections and other diseases.
that are of key importance in fighting infection.

Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS)
Complication that results from the fast breakdown of certain types of cancerCancer
A term for a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade nearby tissues.
cells.

Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells.
helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cellsRed blood cells
Cells that carry oxygen throughout the body.
.

White blood cells
Cells that help the body fight against infections and other diseases.

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